Fuel Pumps are crucial in sending gas or fuel to the engine. We feed the vehicle or device using petrol, diesel, and other oils. But the oil enters the fuel tank of the machine, instrument, or car. However, sending the oil from the fuel tank to the engines is performed by a fuel pump. This oil sends to mix with intake air in the carburetor or a fuel injector. It passes through a combustion chamber where we can find a high-pressure fuel pumping system and highly compressed air to ignite the power.
Mostly these fuel pumps are helpful in liquid-fuelled engines that intake petrol, diesel, and other engine oils. These fuel-filled engines often use either electric or high-pressure fuel pumps, while carbureted engines use low-pressure fuel pumps.
Types of Fuel Pumps
There are mainly three types of fuel pumps that follow:
- Mechanical Fuel Pump: Most mechanical fuel pumps are low-pressure pumps whose primary function is to move fuel from the fuel tank to the ignition point of the engine. Sometimes these are found with high Pressure too.
- Electric Fuel Pump: Most of the electric pumps we find today are electric fuel pumps. These are highly used and found on service. This electric fuel pump has a high pressure to do the same job as a mechanical fuel pump but uses electric power instead. These fuel pumps might cause an explosion due to their high Pressure to do job, so it is better to follow proper precautions around the fuel pump. It uses the battery as a leading function source and is a control unit of electronics, ECU. It regulates the Pressure and volume of the fuel.
- High-Pressure Fuel Pumps: These high-pressurized fuel pumps provide a pressure of more than 200 pascals which is comparatively too high than any other type of fuel pump. It has too much high Pressure that might easily cause it to explode. So strict safety rules exist to follow when these high-pressure pumps are active. It has various chambers, rods, control valves (a control valve assembly), and a plunger with many other parts attached inside the fuel pump.
Why do people change fuel pump?
People change the fuel pump because it is not working correctly or because it’s been a long time. It is good that people would like to get updated, and it is essential for machines and automobiles. Otherwise, they will pollute the atmosphere and adversely affect humans and living organisms, including nature. Sometimes people may find dysfunctions in the fuel pump too. So because of these reasons, people do change their fuel pumps. However, these are not the only reasons. Let’s look into the reasons to change a fuel pump below:
- Not pumping enough fuel: When the fuel pump doesn’t pump fuel or the required amount of energy we need, there is a possibility that something is wrong with the fuel pump. It might need to get replaced.
- Not able to keep up with the engine: The fuel pump doesn’t coordinate with the machine. It will not pump the fuel to the engine, causing dysfunction in the device, appliance, or vehicle.
- Not able to deliver the right amount of Pressure: To run an instrument, we need the right amount of energy or power, and to cause that point, we need a certain amount of Pressure. In this case, we need the Pressure to pump the fuel for the engine and work properly.
- Consuming too much fuel: Like most of us already know, if a vehicle uses a lot of oil than it needs, there is something wrong. There might be a possibility of leakage inside the system. But when a fuel pump doesn’t work correctly, the device has a high chance of a high fuel intake.
- If needed, provide the correct mileage: A vehicle should be able to offer the correct mileage. If in case it doesn’t, there is something wrong with the inside body. The fuel body is one of the parts to check for any dysfunctions when a fuel pump fails to pump the fuel like regular, and then it is an alert of fuel pump damage or symbol of replacement.
- Makes any awkward noise: The annoying noises of vehicles are a well-known dysfunction. It causes due to malfunctions and friction. Friction causes when there is no right amount of fuel inside the vehicle’s body. The right amount of fuel pump can be helpful.
- Not able to start the engine: When a machine doesn’t get the pumping fuel, it might fail to start. It is one of the alerts of fuel pump dysfunction. You might have to keep trying for a good period to turn it on.
- Engine Stuttering: When the engine is not working correctly and jolts often, it’s a clear indication to replace the fuel pump because of not getting the right amount of fuel and pressure stuttering causes.
- High temperature: When without proper reason, if there is a high temperature on the instrument, it’s a sign of alert. We should be careful in these situations as it might sometimes lead to fuel tank explosion in adverse cases. As people say, ‘Prevention is better than cure,’ it’s good to be aware and follow the precautions than regret the causes later. You can check the temperature with the help of a thermometer frequently.
When the fuel pump fails to work effectively, we need to replace it. Anyway, after the replacement, there is no guarantee that the vehicle will function hundred percent properly or efficiently. There is a high possibility of a few problems being present after the reinstallation. It is not dangerous or harmful. It might be different from before the malfunction.
However, it is the right decision to replace it. Replacing improves the instrument and the engine, improving the fuel pump and motor functions simultaneously. There are a few causes, like using a bit more fuel and low Pressure compared to the beginning period of the instrument. Filtering or pumping the energy might be less effective than before.